All about the Different Types of Microphone

Recording Music is not a simple affair. It involves the selection of good quality recording instruments to record the best sound possible. And the one that tops the list is the microphone. But wait! Before you run out and buy a bunch of microphones, you should have an idea about the different types of microphones and the variety of purposes it is used for. Here we are to help you understand what type of mics are there and what are they typically used for. For more Reviews, visit [website].

Polar Patterns

This characteristic show how microphones pick up sound (position for picking up sound and positions blocked).

Cardioid Microphone: Cardioid microphones capture sound only in the front and blocks sounds coming from other direction. It is the most suitable mic for live performance as the unwanted ambience sound is ignored and picks out sound from where it is pointed to. Other than live performances, it is also useful for loud instruments. It is important that this is mic is positioned correctly during performance.

Super and Hyper Cardioid Microphones: They have the same front directionality but has a narrow area of sensitivity.

OmniDirectional Microphone: They have no directionality and hence capture sound from all directions. Widely used in recording studios and church where the acoustics are great for multiple instrument performance. The only problem is their lack of background noise rejection.

The other types of microphones are the figure-8 microphones, Shotgun microphones and Multi-pattern microphones. Many of the USB condenser microphones have the multi-pattern feature to let the user switch between multiple patterns with the click of a switch. The blue yeti microphone – high quality USB microphone is one such example of great versatility.

Diaphragm Sizes

The vibration of diaphragms in the microphone converts sonic energy into electrical energy and there are 3 classifications based on its size. The size is what determines the sensitivity, internal noise level, sound pressure level handling and dynamic range.

Small Diaphragms or pencil mics are usually compact and light. These mics are also designed to be stiffer to make it handle sound pressure levels and wide dynamic range. But these mics are not good in handling the internal noise level and have low sensitivity.

Large Diaphragm mics can be handled more easily and give a more natural sound. That is the reason why they are preferred in recording studios. They are multipurpose mics and can be used to record anything.

Medium Diaphragm mics are modern mics that can handle both live and studio recordings. They are gaining reputation nowadays.

The 3 Main Microphones used in Music

The three types of microphones used in Music are the Dynamic, Condenser and Ribbon mics.

Dynamic Mics are very reliable as they have a moving coil magnetic diaphragm that capture sound even at high sound pressure levels. A favourite choice of mine Sennheiser e835 is an all-rounder Dynamic Cardioid microphone designed especially for speech and vocals. Find out more by reading reviews on it!

Condenser Mics are used where precision recording is required. They have a thin conductive diaphragm and as they use capacitance the sound quality in these mics are great. But care must be taken while handling these mics and you need phantom power to use this. Oktava mk-319 is the best choice in this type.

Ribbon mics are popular in the radio industry and are sensitive to higher frequencies. They capture higher notes with a vintage vibe.

There is no hard and fast rule to recording techniques. With experience, you will know better by experimenting more.